All posts by David Braddon-Mitchell

David Braddon-Mitchell is a keen landscape and environmental portrait photographer. In the last decade of film he was a darkroom practitioner and worked with Olympus OM SLRs and various medium format cameras. He switched to Canon DSLRs when digital imaging improved, and made a move to Sony bodies as soon as the A7 series was born. He enjoys using a mixture of legacy manual lenses, modern manual lenses, and E mount AF lenses.

Carl Zeiss Vario-Sonnar T* (C/Y) 35-70mm f3.4: A review

The Carl Zeiss Vario-Sonnar T* (C/Y) 35-70mm f3.4 was a standard zoom lens designed for the Yashica and Contax series of film SLR cameras. It was, perhaps, the first standard zoom of truly decent quality throughout its range. You could use it an any focal length and not really have any compromise relative the prime lenses of the time. That cliché “a tube full of primes” was (for once) true of it: at least in its day.

It’s since acquired a kind of cult reputation. Some think it remains the finest standard zoom you can get. But how much of this reputation is due to it being so amazing by the standards of when it was designed in 1982, and how much because it still deserves a place in the kits of some modern photographers? Read on to find out!


Diameter 70mm
Length 80.5 mm
Filter Thread 67 mm
Weight (w/o adapter) 475 g
Minimum Focusing Distance 0.7m
Maximum Magnification 1:2.5
Number of aperture blades 8
Elements/ Groups 10/10
The Carl Zeiss Vario-Sonnar T* (C/Y) 35-70mm f3.4 can be purchased used on here.

Image Samples

Continue reading Carl Zeiss Vario-Sonnar T* (C/Y) 35-70mm f3.4: A review

Carl Zeiss C-Sonnar T* 50mm f1.5 ZM: A Detailed Review

We have become used to old lens formulas being revived and sold for occasionally huge sums of money to collectors and photographers hoping to create images with a magical vintage look. All of us here have been very sceptical about this. Mostly they have been simple lenses in simple bodies with poor technical qualities being sold for more than the price of the latest and greatest glass. From one perspective the legendary C-Sonnar from Zeiss is like this. It’s a classic design dating from 1932 whose principal design goal at the time was to reduce the number of air glass surfaces because the coatings of the day were so primitive. Why do we need it now? But Zeiss bought it back in 2006 in M mount as part of the ZM series. The optical design is not much changed, but it comes with modern coatings. Many prize it for magical rendering and flattering portraiture, others think it shows that not even Zeiss is above trying to rip off nostalgic hipsters. Read on and find out who is right!


Diameter 56 mm
Length 45 mm
Filter Thread 46 mm
Weight (w/o adapter) 250 g
Max. Magnification (w/o close focus adapter) 1:15
Close Focusing Distance from the sensor (w/o CFA) 0.9 m
Number of aperture blades 10
Elements/ Groups 6/4
The Carl Zeiss C-Sonnar T* 1.5/50 can be purchased via our affiliate links at or else B&H Photo Video. You can get it new on here, or you can get it used on here.

Image Samples

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Carl Zeiss Tele-Tessar (ZM) T* 4/85: A Detailed Review

The Carl Zeiss Tele-Tessar T* 4/85 lens was released in late 2008. It is a ZM lens designed for Leica rangefinders, with a very pure long-focus five element three group construction. 85mm lenses may well not suffer from any issues on unmodified Sony sensors, and it’s light and compact for a high quality short tele. It has a reputation for being a wonderfully sharp and contrasty: is it good enough to be a great companion to your Sony, despite being relatively slow? This review may tell you.


Diameter 54 mm
Length 85 mm
Filter Thread 43 mm
Weight (w/o adapter) 310 g
Max. Magnification (w/o close focus adapter) 1:9
Close Focusing Distance from the sensor (w/o CFA) 0.9 m
Number of aperture blades 10
Elements/ Groups 5/3
The Carl Zeiss Tele-Tessar T* 4/85 can be purchased via our affiliate links at or else B&H Photo Video. You can get it new on here, or you can get it used on here.

Image Samples

Continue reading Carl Zeiss Tele-Tessar (ZM) T* 4/85: A Detailed Review

What would we take into the mountains?

You are going into the mountains for three nights. This is not a dedicated photography trip, but an adventure with friends or family. You have packed your tent, your sleeping bag, warm clothes, cooking gear and food. Your pack is now pretty heavy, but you say something that astonishes your hiking (or bushwalking as we call it in Australia)  buddies: you are prepared to add 1.5kg of cameras and lenses to that! As they watch incredulously, you put into your pack……what?

We don’t know what you would do, but we can tell you what we typically pack.

Continue reading What would we take into the mountains?

HD Pentax DA 35mm f2.8 Macro LTD: a quick report.


Some time ago Bastian reviewed the Tokina 35mm f2.8 macro. The lens I am talking about today is a significantly upgraded version of the same optical design, in Pentax mount. This is just a quick review, in which I mainly confine myself to how it’s improved over the lens Bastian reviewed.

The lens is, in theory, a standard macro lens for APSC cameras. Bastian reviewed it because , although there is vignetting at infinity (though correctable), it actually covers the full frame with good performance at close distances. At infinity it’s not really usable without a little cropping (you don’t need to go nearly as far as APS though).  At close non-macro distances there’s a bit of easily corrected vignetting (but about 3 stops in the extreme corners). At actual macro distances it performs just fine.

What’s important about this is that there are no 35mm full frame macro lenses on the market. The fact that the working distance on a moderate wide is quite short makes them unpopular for things like insects and so on. But of course the wide angle perspective is sometimes desirable in a macro: you get more of a sense of the other little things around your subject, and more of a ‘dynamic’ image with a less flattened perspective. They are, for example,  very useful tools in a botanical photographer’s kit.


    • Diameter: 49.5 mm
    • Field of view: 63° (diagonally, on fullframe)
    • Length:  63 mm
    • Weight: 214g (without adapter)
    • Filter Diameter: 49 mm
    • Number of Aperture Blades: 9 (strongly rounded)
    • Elements/Groups: 9/8
    • Close Focusing Distance: 0.139 m (measured from sensor)
    • Maximum Magnification: 1:1
    • Mount: Pentax DA


The build quality of the Pentax HD is much higher than the Tokina, if by build quality you mean (as people often seem to) how nice it feels and looks. It’s also considerably smaller and lighter than its Tokina cousin.  It has a metal outer shell, that seems very precisely put together, and all-in-all exudes luxury and quality. It even comes with a beautifully made Leica style push on lens cap! Of course whether that translates into better reliability and ruggedness is something that only destructive testing could reveal. This version comes with a built-in lens hood. A nice feature but be careful: pulled all the way out it will cause huge vignetting, as it’s designed for APSC. But you can pull it about half way out and it’s quite useful.


Bastian’s review of the Tokina version showed it was very sharp and had good colour correction. But there was a fatal flaw: very strong flare if the sun was anywhere near the front lens element. Let me rephrase: disastrous flare. I’m not repeating any of the sharpness or vignetting tests here: see Bastian’s review – the lenses are the same optical design.

But at the time Bastian noted that while the same optical design was used in two Pentax APS lenses, the later of which is the HD Pentax Ltd lens I’m reporting on here, they were alleged to have better coatings. This latest one is supposed to have the best coatings of all. Of course maybe just coatings won’t be enough to fix the flare. You might think the optical design should change too.

But  I can report that the HD Pentax version has above average flare performance: which puts it miles ahead of the Tokina version. I couldn’t replicate the bad Tokina flare  on the Pentax whatever I did, sun in frame or out of the frame. Here are two images of the sun in the frame, one wide open and one at f11. It looked much the same wherever the sun was in the frame.

These images were of course taken at infinity, and you can see that at infinity, especially stopped down, the lens doesn’t quite cover the FF sensor. This is not a lens to buy as a general purpose 35mm lens; though if you are carrying it for macro, it will serve well for most purposes, even at infinity if you crop just a little.

Adapting the HD Pentax version

One barrier to using the Pentax version on Sony is that these Pentax DA lenses have no aperture ring and rely on camera control, which is obviously not possible on a Sony body. This means we have to rely on an adapter with aperture control. These are often expensive, bad, or both.

But I’m happy to report on a solution there too: the newer K&F concept Pentax to Sony adapter is even more nicely made than their previous ones, and has an aperture control with click stops no less! I measured the click stops and found that they are more useful with this lens than adapter based click stops usually are. Wide open is of course f2.8; one click is f3.5, two is f5.6, and it’s quite accurate 1 stop clicks after that. You can set intermediate positions too. That’s plenty convenient; and accurate enough that it’s (almost) as good as a proper aperture ring on the lens.


If you need or want a moderate wide angle macro lens on full frame, primarily for macro and close use, you should buy this. It’s very sharp across the field (not extremely  flat field near the outer areas of FF, but for macro that matters not at all unless you are photographing documents). It has good contrast, and the Pentax version has gone from disastrous flare in the Tokina to superb performance. I’m quite amazed there can be so much improvement without changing the optical layout. Together with the right adapter, it’s an indispensable tool in the macro enthusiasts toolbox (though certainly not the first tool she will acquire!). There aren’t really any direct alternatives other than other APSC macros. You can get a 15mm macro from Laowa, which is massively different, or a 50mm standard macro from everybody. You could try a 40 or 35mm enlarger lens reversed. Or else a regular 35mm lens on tubes, but they often don’t perform that well. A strong achromatic diopter might be better.

So if you want a nicely made well performing wide macro that can be used for other purposes (with excellent results at moderate distances, and good central performance at infinity) then this is all there is. Luckily it’s a fine choice.

You can buy the lens via our affiliate link to eBay or our affiliate links at B&H or via our link to Amazon

It’s worth noting that there are different versions  of the K&F adapter still for sale. You want the latest one which is much better. You can get that adapter from eBay here.